Factors influencing pupils’ participationin primary education after 2007/2008 post election violence in kenya: the case Of Maai-mahiu Settlement Scheme.
Kenya has made progress in providing free primary education to all the children as from January 2003. However, the provision of education after an emergency is not well addressed especially in areas where internally displaced persons (IDPs) resettle and in particular, Maai- Mahiu internally displaced persons settlement scheme. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing pupils’ participation in primary education after 2007/2008 post election violence in particular Maai-Mahiu internally displaced persons’ settlement schemes Naivasha District, Nakuru County, Kenya To achieve this, research objectives of the study were formulated which sought to establish if teaching and learning resources, school facilities, psychosocial factors and distance to school influences pupils participation in primary education. The study adopted the descriptive survey design as well as purposive sampling design. The respondents included three (3) head teachers, twenty four (24) teachers and two hundred and twelve (212) pupils and used questionnaires and interview schedules for data collection. The data was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using descriptive statistics methods. The frequencies, and percentages were used to analyze the data and the analyzed data was presented in tables. The study findings established that postelection violence of 2007/2008 affected the teaching and learning resources, school facilities as the influxes of the affected children were 87 percent compared to 13 percent of the children who were not affected by the post – election violence. These children suffered psychosocial factors since they witnessed the violence and that is how they got displaced. The distance to school also resulted to low pupil participation in primary education which was confirmed by the head teacher in the public primary school which is 5 km from the settlement scheme that the lower classes had one stream as compared to the upper classes that had double or triple streams. The study established that there are no public primary schools within the settlement scheme. The findings revealed that 87 percent of the pupils were affected by the post-election violence. This meant that 87 percent are the influxes who joined the public primary school and had put a lot of pressure on the teaching and learning resources, school facilities, have caused psychosocial issues on children, who have to walk long distances to the nearest public primary school while the school was adequate for only 13% of the pupils who were not affected by the post- election violence. vi The study concluded that, there were no public primary school within the settlement scheme and as such education is not free and compulsory as it should be. There are still direct and in-direct charges which are still being charged making it difficult for the internally displaced person’s children not access education. The study recommended that the government should open a public primary school within the settlement scheme, expand the existing school by constructing more classrooms, toilets and also increase the number of teachers as it was found that the school with a pupil population of 929 had only 17 teachers which meant that the teachers are overwhelmed by work and also education was being compromised. This led to lack of motivation to both the teachers and the pupils and also low teaching morale and the resultant was low pupil participation in primary education. The study suggested that a similar study should be carried out in other counties where internally displaced persons have settled to get the picture of the situation in the whole country. A further research should also be carried out to establish the factors influencing pupil’s participation in secondary and tertiary education in Maai- Mahiu settlement scheme for purposes of generalization and comparisons.