Influence of teachers’ job satisfaction on pupils performance in kenya certificate of primary education examination in Gilgil District Nakuru County, Kenya
The purpose for this study was to assess the influence of teachers’ job satisfaction on pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations in public primary schools in Gilgil district, Nakuru county, Kenya. Particularly, the study sought to determine the extent to which the amount of workload among teachers influence pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations, establish the extent to which terms and conditions of service among teachers influence pupils performance, identify whether interpersonal working relationship among teachers influence pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations, establish whether working conditions among teachers affect pupils’ performance in KCPE examination, and identify whether career development programes among teachers influence pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations in Gilgil district, Nakuru county. The study was conducted using descriptive survey research design where the teachers’ opinions and responses on how job satisfaction influences pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations were captured and recorded. The target population of the study consisted of teachers from three divisions in Nakuru county as follows; Karugna division with 186 teachers, Mbaruk with 173 teachers and Elementaita with 245 teachers. It involved 54 public primary schools. Teachers were chosen because they play a vital role in the school and they had, had important information concerning job satisfaction and its influence on pupils’ performance in KCPE examinations in Nakuru county. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 27 schools where the study was conducted and 110 teachers who took part in the final study. Teachers’ questionnaires were used as tools to collect data. The questionnaires were designed basing on the objectives of this study. After designing, the questionnaires were tested for the purpose of instrument validity through piloting and also were subjected to the judgement of the supervisors before a final study was conducted. Thereafter, data collected was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively using SPSS. To achieve results that were uniform in essence, the qualitative data was organized into themes and patterns based on the analysis of the meanings and implications emanating from the respondents’ information from the documented data in the questionnaires. Quantitative data was edited by measuring numerical values from which frequencies and percentages were made. Data were presented mainly in form of tables, bar graphs, pie-charts, means and percentages. The findings from the study indicate that if the relationship between teachers and the TSC is improved, teachers would have good time to prepare adequately for their lessons which could lead to quality results in KCPE examinations. In addition, the government freezing employment of teachers has created acute shortage of teachers’ hence increasing workload. Besides, teachers’ terms and conditions of service need improvement. Also, working conditions at school for teachers has to be improved if there is need for conducive learning and teaching environment The study recommended that public primary schools should be well staffed with trained teachers to manage the large classroom sizes due to over enrolment as a result of free primary education. Terms and conditions of serve for teachers should be improved and teachers should be given opportunities to go for in-service courses. The study also recommended the following areas for further research: the role of Kenya Education Management Institute in creating opportunity for teachers to follow their career path; a similar study to this be carried out in other public primary schools in other counties across the country; and factors influencing teacher turnover in public primary schools in Kenya.