Factors Influencing Children’s Access To Early Childhood Development Education Centres In Nyandarua South District, Kenya.
This section presents the key and important issues of this study. The issues captured includes purpose of the study and its objectives, significance of the study, the major issues captured in literature review including theoretical framework. It also gives an overview of the methodology, the main findings of the study and its major recommendations.The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing childrens' access to ECDE center in Nyandarua South District. The objectives of the study were; to analyze the trends of enrolment of children at the ECDE centers in Nyandarua south district, examine how the amount of fees charged at ECDE centers affect access to the centers, Analyze how head teachers and ECDE teachers level of qualification and training in education affect childrens’ access to ECDE centers in Nyandarua, South district Kenya, to establish the extent to which teachers’ level of remuneration affects childrens’ access to ECDE centers in Nyandarua south district Kenya and determine how parental income levels affects children’s’ access to the centers.This study is of significance to various stakeholders and organizations in the education sector. The ECDE centers faced with challenges that may have led to low access such as financial problems may be cited easily for financial assistance. The stakeholders in the ECDE sector including the government will be informed of the factors that hinder access to ECDE provision and therefore will be able to readdress the issues in concern. The department of economics of education is be made aware of the main issues affecting ECDE in Nyandarua South District hence may encourage for more research on these factors in other parts of the country.The literature revealed looks at related literature in relation to childrens’ access to ECDE centers. It highlights important points in relation to definition and importance of ECDE, the global situation of ECDE provision, current states of resource allocation to ECDE in Kenya, legislations and policies guiding provision of ECDE, development o ECDE in Kenya, dropout and wastage, government efforts towards improvements of education as a mandate of the ministry of education and the factors affecting learners enrollment to ECDE. The study was based on educational production function theory as advocated by Coleman (1996) and Psacharapolous and Wood (1985) which states that inputs are expensed in given proportions to produce good results. . The study adopted a description survey design to establish factors affecting children’s access to ECDE centres in Nyandarua south District. The study targed a population of 48 headteachers and 98 ECDE centre teachers in the District out of which a sample of 14 headteachers and 30 ECDE Teacher was selected for study. Data was collected using questioners, coded and classified into major themes from which a summary report was made. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics supported by fables, graphs and percentages. Data analyzed formed the basis of research findings conclusions and recommendations for further study. The results obtained from the headteachers and ECDE teachers shows that – children’s access to ECDE in Nyandarua south is below 100% .This is brought by a number of factors some of which were the subject of this study while others were not researched on. In view of these findings the research recommends that inorder to achieve vision 2030 and education for all:The government should provide free ECDE programmes to promote children’s access to the programmes . i. The ECDE teachers should be well remunerated as per their qualifications and experience in order to motivate them. ii. Parents should be sensitized on the importance and benefits of ECDE. iii. The researcher also suggests for more research on other factors that affect children’s access to ECDE in the district and on the same factors in other districts, counties or the whole country.