Influence Of School Based Factors On Girl Child Drop Out In Public Primary Schools In Igembe North District,kenya
Education is the most important tool for the development in a country. It is through education that a country produces its own professionals such as teachers, doctors, engineers and business persons. Therefore it should be emphasized and focused on as well as enforced so that everyone acquires basic education. Primary is the most basic and important . This study focuses on investigating the school based factors that influence the girl child dropout. The study and its literature review will be based on general overview on the importance this education, wastage, dropout and the causes. The purpose of the study is to investigate the school based factors influencing girl child drop-out in public primary schools in Igembe North District. The objectives of the study were to establish how head teachers administrative experience influences girl child dropout, examine the influence of physical facilities (toilets/latrines, determine how teachers gender may influence girl child dropout, to establish how provision of sanitary padsand identify the influence of stereotyping in school text books. The study used descriptive survey design. The descriptive survey research design was used for its appropriateness in making reality known through collecting detailed factual information that describes existing phenomena at a given moment in time. Thestudy targeted the District Education Officer, the teachers, head teachers and class eight pupils to fill in the questionnaires. Questionnaires were used as the research instrument for data collection.The validation was done by pre-testing done in 5 schools and the results were used to access whether the questionnaires were clear to the subjects. The collected data was edited for consistency, coded and variables defined in the SPSS (statistical package for social science) and presented through tables, graphs and pie charts.The study identified thatyoung people who drop out of school are diverse group. Some will continue their education and get back on track. But many others including a large share of dropouts from low-income families will find it extremely hard to make a successful transition to adulthood in a labor market that offers fewer and fewer opportunities for workers with no post secondary education.It is critical to identify and disseminate lessons on how best to re engage the most disconnected young people. The study recommended that the government should control the Free Primary Education Funds so that head teachers can use it well and build enough latrines for pupils, the government should also provide sanitary pads to the needy girls to help retain them in school during menses and the head teachers should also allow back pupils who drop out of schools. The study should be replicated in other districts in the country and also a follow up on school drop out to establish what happens to them thereafter.