School-based factors influencing instructional Performance of teachers in public primary schools in Kadibo Division, Kisumu County, Kenya
The researcher examined instructional performance of teachers in public primary schools in Kadibo Division, Kisumu County. The purpose of this study was to find out school based factors influencing instructional performance of teachers in public primary schools. The literature concerning the various educational inputs variables vis-à-vis workload, class-size, teacher quality and enrolment and learning facilities was reviewed while instructional performance of teachers measures put in perspective. The research objectives was to find out the extent to which workload influences instructional performance of teachers, to determine how pupil-teacher ratio influences instructional performance of teachers, to assess how teachers academic qualification influences instructional performance of teachers, to establish how availability of learning facilities influences instructional performance of teachers and lastly to establish how enrolment influences instructional performance of teachers. A survey design was used to gather data by means of questionnaires. Secondary data was obtained from the Divisional Educational Office. The responses of 130 head teachers and teachers out of a sample of 162 head teachers and teachers revealed that workload, class-size and inadequate facility and materials influences instructional performance of teachers, using Pearson’s correlation technique. The study indicate that the independent variables (workload) and the dependent variable (instructional performance of teachers) have a weak positive relationship (r = 0.03). The study also established that there is a shortage of teachers in public primary schools in Kadibo Division. xiv Another key finding is that workload negatively influences performance of teachers. Most of the teachers in the division admit that job overload contribute to low performance. This study recommended that the teachers be given adequate workload. The Ministry also to provide adequate facilities and learning materials which are very vital for instructional performance. The study further recommended that more teachers should be employed to help curb understaffing. Further studies can also be done on motivation and effect of stress on teachers’ performance.