Factors Influencing Motivation Among The Secondary School Teachers In Mount Elgon District, Kenya
Previous studies have shown that teachers are poorly motivated because of varied factors. The purpose for this study was to investigate factors influencing motivation of the public secondary schools teachers of Mount Elgon district, Kenya. In order to realise the purpose of the study, the following objectives were used; to assess the extent to which teachers‟ professional performance influence their motivation, to analyse the extent to which recognition practices used by Board of Management (BoM) influence teachers‟ motivation, to establish the influence of supervision by immediate supervisors on teachers‟ motivation and to examine the extent to which working conditions influence the public secondary schools teachers‟ motivation. The study adapted descriptive survey design. Eleven public secondary schools participated in the main study while one was used for instruments‟ piloting purposes only. Teachers of the schools under study were chosen by stratified sampling which categorized them into female and male. Thirty eight teachers were sampled for this study. Questionnaires were used to gather data from the respondents. The data was organised and presented in form of tables and figures. For qualitative data, themes were used to reflect objectives. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was employed to summarise the data collected. To establish whether performance, recognition practices, supervision and working conditions influenced motivation, linear regression was used. From the findings, it was established that; 71.1 percent of the respondents expressed dissatisfaction with their teaching subject(s)‟ achievements. 68.4 percent of the informants said that their school management had failed to promote their competencies and expertise. Of the respondents, 84.2 percent agreed that supervision was done in their schools. Sixty three point two percent showed that the quantity of teaching and learning materials were inadequate. From 71.1 percent of the respondents, quality of the few teaching and learning materials was average. Eighty six percent of the respondents denied any positive morale from their salaries and allowances. The study recommends that in order to ensure teachers motivation; the frequency of conducting friendlier but professional internal supervision should be increased. BoM should ensure that teachers‟ quarters are available in school. The school administration should ensure that enough and quality teaching and learning resources are provided. It should also ensure that first form‟s admission and other admissions adhere to the recommendations of the MoE. The JAB should not force students to join the teaching profession. The government should address the pleas of the teachers over their salaries and allowances. The schools should embrace the culture of conducting school alumni.