Factors Influencing Dropout Rates Of Boys In Public Primary Schools In Sabatia Distrct
Education like any other forms of investment in human capital can contribute to economic development and social progress. The Kenya government has placed certain measures to give basic education to its citizen for instance the introduction of Free Primary Education – FPE. The underlying causes of dropout remains obscured and that is why this study sought to investigate the factors that influence dropout of boys in public primary schools. The objectives of the study are to investigate the causes of school dropouts among pupils, to investigate the rate of drop out amongst boys and to investigate measures that can be put in place to control the boy’s dropout. The justification for investment is that education is not a basic right, just also a basic component of social and economic development. The literature review identifies the challenges such as a family socio – economic status; environmental factors school related factors and HIV/AIDS pandemic as factors influencing dropout rates of boys in public primary school. The boys who dropped out of schools came back to school were established through the school records such as class registers and admission books. The research design is descriptive survey; the target population was 30 people. Sampling techniques and sample size 10 of head teachers, 10 class teachers and 10 parents/guardian. Purposive sampling used to select school dropouts who not presenting in school to respondents, purposive sampling is one that is deliberate and nor random fashion to achieve a certain goal. The main instrument for data collection were questionnaire, interview schedule and school records. Data collected was analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively through descriptive statistics validity Data from schools was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages and then presented in the form of frequency distribution tables and graphs. The researcher observed especially from the information given on questionnaires to a third party. The respondent names were not written on the questionnaires. The researcher should be personal identification before respondents and his or her mission. Validity of the instruments was checked by consultation from my supervisor from the school of continuing and distance education. Reliability will be measured by test-retest technique. Operational definition of variables was used to guide in data analysis. The family background that had an immense influence on boys drop out were parents socio-economic stats which include; family income, occupation, literacy level, family size and poverty. The study established that school related factors that causing dropout of boys were poor academic performance, teachers attitude, too much work in school and failure to pay school extra levies. Repeating of classes also discouraged pupils and had to drop out of school. Activities within the surrounding of the school and home were found to attract boys into cheap labor jobs. Most of the findings indicated that they chose to be out of school to create income in order to subsidize their parents low income. The study recommends that the school head teachers should not be forcing children to repeat classes unless they so wish. Repeated examinations should be counseled to improve their performance. In this study the government was called upon to give a guideline on the extra levies charged in schools in order to curb the dropout of boys from schools. The community should be sensitized through the ministry of education on the importance of education. The study also recommends that the government to come with a law on age that should be allowed to ride bicycles and motor cycles as a business mean. As a basis for further research, the study should be conducted in the whole country to have an overview of the nation and apply the present findings.