Effect of computers in management of secondary schools in Kenya: a case of west Pokot county, Kenya.
The main purpose of this study was to the utilization of computers in management of secondary schools in Kenya, a case of West Pokot County, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study: to find out the factors that influence the integration in school management, to determine the role of the principal in integration of ICT in school management, to find out investigate the level of integration of ICT in school management, to establish the extent of head teachers’ and teachers’ accessibility to ICT resources and to find out determine the barriers to integration of ICT in school management. The survey research design will be utilized in the study. The study was guided by the systems theory as stated by Kast and Rosenzweig (1985). The theory considers the school basically as an open socio-technical system composed of five major partly overlapping and interdependent sub-systems namely managerial, structural, psychological, technical goals and values. The study employed a descriptive survey research design. The study targeted teachers and head teachers of secondary schools in the area of study. Data was collected mainly through questionnaire and interview schedule. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques, that is, the means, percentages and modes. The study established most of the principals enhanced staff training and development and mobilized resources necessary for computers and encourages staff to embrace computer. It is also implied that majority of the principals recognize and reward efforts made by staff in Computer determination. The other objective of the study was to investigate the level of determination of computer in school administration. As a result, it was established that use of computer in school management had improved the quality of information and made the school more efficient while performing its tasks. The study revealed that accessibility by the teachers to computers resources was hampered by the number of computers. From the analysis done in chapter four, it can be concluded that computers were few and the ones available lacked adequate software programmes. This therefore limited accessibility of the teachers to compute resources. There is therefore limited accessibility to Computer in schools. From the analysis done, it was revealed that barriers to determination of computer in school administration in some schools included difficulty in suing software, lack of time, lack of necessary skills and to a small extent lack of interest by the teachers. It is also revealed that to some extent that unavailability of computers hindered use of computers determination in school management. Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the study concluded that the government should ensure accessibility of computers to all schools in the country through partnering with other educational stakeholders to ensure that ICT can aid school managers in management of schools.