Community based disaster risk reduction in enhancement of household livelihood security in Laikipia north district, Laikipia County, Kenya.
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them. DRR is a priority because it empowers the community with sustainable skills and knowledge to overcome disaster risks which in turn helps them overcome poverty and suffering which otherwise not undertaken the impact of disasters on people’s livelihoods would not be tackled. Unless one considers how disaster risk reduction can reduce communities’ vulnerabilities to disasters, the work to strengthen livelihoods could be seriously undermined or worse, actively contribute to increased vulnerability in the future. Many disaster-affected communities suffer chronic and transient food insecurity, which becomes acute food insecurity during disasters. A lack of food or not being able to afford or access food is one of the major impacts of disasters. Long-term livelihoods development work can be undermined by disasters, due to loss of assets, increased debts, and greater dependence on risky and unsustainable income-generating activities. The researcher in this study therefore set out to establish how Community Disaster Risk Reduction influenced household livelihood security in Laikipia North district. The objectives of this study were to establish how disaster risks reduction, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery influenced livelihoods of households in Laikipia North District. By reducing the disaster risk, households were able to improve their lifestyles since they had access to food and water; their health becomes stable since disasters affect human and animal health. Reducing disaster risk also helped households save cash for the future which would have otherwise been used to replace what has been destroyed by disasters. In research methodology, descriptive research design was used to look at the variables being studied. Data was collected by use of questionnaires, which were administered in the field to the sampled respondents. The researcher will applied both probabilistic and non probabilistic methods of sampling. Data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics which enabled the researcher meaningfully describe a distribution of scores or measurements using a few statistics. Findings were then presented in tables and figures and then interpreted. The study revealed that drought disaster affects the livelihood of communities in various aspects and these effects do contribute to deterioration of household’s livelihood security.