Influence of green house farming on food security: a case of Eldoret east sub-county, Kenya
The current situation of food security in the country has led to the introduction of green house farming. The study sought to assess the influence of green house farming on food security a case of Eldoret East Sub-County. Greenhouse is a structure which is used for the production of crops under a controlled environmental condition. It is usually a glass or plastic-enclosed structure with a framing of aluminum, galvanized steel, naturally durable or preservative treated timber. Despite North Rift being Kenya‟s food basket, the problem of food insecurity is further exacerbated by many people having been displaced in the surrounding farms in Eldoret unable to go back to their farms for cultivation of food crops and change in weather patterns that has lowered food production in the region and thus the need for farmers to adopt new technology of farming such as greenhouse farming. The study was led by the following objectives; to establish the extent to which cost of green house farming influence food security, to determine the extent to which knowledge in green house farming influence food security, to establish the extent to which diversification in green house farming influences food security and to establish the extent to which the size of green house influences food security. The study used descriptive design with a sample of 150 respondents. Questionnaires were used to collect data and the study used descriptive and inferential statistics as the main methods of analysis, since the data collection was both quantitative and qualitative in nature. The analysis and presentation of the data focused on the frequencies, percentages, and tables. The study was expected to benefit the farmers, the government and scholars. The study found out that initial costs of greenhouses were high for farmers coupled with the inadequate knowledge and the reliance on one kind of crop in their farms while size of greenhouse and land was found to have not been explored to its potential. This study recommends that government popularize this technology as it not only ensures food security but also creates jobs for the youths. This study also recommends that appropriate local materials be sourced to reduce the cost of construction and produce from the greenhouses and as well providing farmers with the necessary training to obtain relevant skills for use in this technology.