Factors affecting information communication technology integration in teaching and learning in public secondary schools in Mutito constituency, Kitui county Kenya
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting ICT integration in teaching and learning in public secondary schools. The research was based on theoretical framework of Technology Acceptance Model (ATM) and quantitative analysis of data collected from questionnaire based survey. The target population was 240 students, 72 teachers, 6 Principals of 6 public secondary schools in Mutito constituency, Kitui County. The questionnaires were administered to students, teachers and Principals while observation schedules were used to obtain data on number of computers, digital content in schools and their utility. For teachers and students, random sampling technique was used because of the population size while Principals were selected using non-probability sampling technique since the constituency has six secondary schools that were supplied with ICT resources by the government. The objectives of the study were to determine how access to ICT resources, students’ exposure to ICT resources, teacher training on ICT skills affect ICT integration in teaching and learning in public secondary schools. In addition, the study aimed at finding out the extent to which leadership and technical support affect ICT integration in teaching and learning. The study used quantitative study where questionnaires and observation schedules where used to collect data from respondents. According to the statistical and descriptive analysis of the collected data, students in public schools have low exposure to ICT resources, teacher training on ICTs is inadequate, and ICT integration is low. The findings of the study show that where is high students’ exposure to ICTs, high access to ICT resources, adequate teacher training on ICT skills and support from the school leadership there is high level of ICT integration in teaching and learning. From the research findings, secondary school teachers should be trained on ICT skills, access to ICT resources be enhanced and school leadership be proactive in supporting ICT integration in teaching and learning. the government should put in place Monitoring and evaluation mechanism for ICT integration in teaching and learning. further research need to be done to find out the impact ICT integration in teaching and learning have on performance of national examination and retention rate among secondary school students.