Influence of community development projects on urban slum dependency: a case of Korogocho Slum, Nairobi County, Kenya
Korogocho slum in Nairobi County Kenya is the fourth biggest slum in Kenya; due to the service gaps left by the Government, the slum has voluminous NGOs and charitable organizations operating there with an aim of bridging the service gaps through Community Development Project; however, their impacts do not match their numbers and resources utilized. The objectives of this study include: to establish how beneficiaries’ involvement in Community Development Projects leads to urban slum dependency, to assess how funding of Community Development Projects by NGOs leads to urban slum dependency, to establish how approaches used in Community Development Projects results to urban slum dependency, to assess influence of monitoring and evaluation of Community Development Projects on urban slum dependency. Descriptive survey research design was used in this study. The researcher collected data from respondents from the age of 15 and above. The population was stratified into 8 villages and from each village a sample of 47 respondents was selected; from the 47 respondents 44 were randomly selected from each village while 3 were key informants. The data was collected through questionnaires and key respondent interviews and analysis done using statistical package for social science (SPSS). The findings were presented in tables according to the responses collected from the field. Frequencies and percentages were also used to describe the data collected in the field. The research found out that there is minimal beneficiaries’ involvement, projects are donor funded, direct assistance approach and use of CBOs are commonly used, and organizations monitor and evaluate their community development projects. From the research findings it was concluded that beneficiaries’ involvement in all stages of development projects is crucial, donor funding results to unsustainable projects, local funding is vital to ensure local ownership and sustainability, and development should be community based and initiated by the beneficiaries while the NGOs and donors play a facilitation role. The researcher recommend that: direct assistance approach should be discouraged, organizations should seek to empower the locals with skills for self-reliance, NGOs and donors should improve on monitoring and evaluation of community development projects, government agencies should have frequent assessment of CDPs, and locals should take charge of their own development.