Effects Of Free Primary Education On The Quality Of Education In Public Primary Schools In Naivasha District, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to find the effects of Free Primary Education of the provision of quality education in public primary schools in Naivasha District. The objectives of the study were; to examine the extent to which class size affects the provision of quality education in public primary schools under free primary education, to assess how the adequacy of textbooks under the free primary education influences the provision of quality education in public primary schools, to analyze the extent to which classroom environment affects the provision of quality education in public primary schools under free primary education and to examine how the adequacy of the sanitation facilities affects the provision of quality education in public primary schools under free primary education. The study employed descriptive survey design. The researcher targeted all public primary school head teachers, teachers and pupils as the respondents for the study. The study sample comprised of 30 schools, 30 head teachers, 164 teachers and 380 pupils. Random Simple sampling technique was used to select the schools, teachers and the pupils. Two instruments were used to collect data, three sets of questionnaires; head teachers, teachers and pupil’s questionnaires and a document analysis guide. The data collected was analyzed using the descriptive statistics were frequency tables and percentages were used to present data. The study revealed that, the Free Primary Education had brought about large classes of more than 50 per class with others having over 80 pupils which adversely affected the teaching learning processes. Text books though provided by the government were still few to allow for provision of quality education. The classroom environment in most of the schools was not very conducive to allow for quality teaching and learning processes, while the sanitation facilities required major improvement in most of the schools. The study made recommendations that the parents should be made to take responsibility of the text books given to their children in school and take it as their duty to replace lost books soonest possible. This would help minimize losses and lower text book ratios among the pupils. The government should increase amount of resources to enable expansion of classrooms and improve on the conditions of the existing ones and employ more teachers this would help reduce the teacher pupils’ ratios hence improving the teaching learning processes. The sanitation facilities should as well be improved to give a more conducive learning environment.