A Situation Analysis Of The Treatment Models Used In Registered Inpatient Alcohol And Drugs Rehabilitation Centres In And Around Nairobi
Musyoka, Catherine Mawia
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Background of the study Drug and substance abuse is a global threat that causes serious ramifications on people's health, security, economic and cultural welfare. Treatment of persons with Drug and substance abuse is a big challenge both to the individual, their families and the society at large. This is because of the chronic and relapsing nature of Drug and substance abuse (DSA). In Kenya structured treatment of Drug and substance is a new phenomenon, Treatment and rehabilitation of persons with Drug and substance abuse problem is mostly in the hands of private individuals. Purpose of the study This study sought to establish and document the various treatment models applied on clients admitted in rehabilitation centers in Nairobi as well as establish the qualification of staff working in the rehabilitation centers. Design of the study This was a descriptive qualitative study of all the drug rehabilitation centres in and around Nairobi. Study Sample Included all residential drug rehabilitation centers in and around Nairobi as per NACADAA records and the counselors directly dealing with the treatment of clients in these centers. Data collection procedure A 2 level researcher designed questionnaires was used to establish the treatment models used in the various in patient drug rehabilitation centres from the respondents, using a qualitative key informant interview. The questionnaire and interview schedule were researcher administered. Data analysis Data of the study was analysed and presented using descriptive and inferential statistics. The En vivo statistical package was used to group the obtained data into predetermined thematic areas, and then the grouped data was used in the final descriptive analysis. Results of the study The study found out that various models of treatment were used in treatment of clients admitted in drug rehabilitation centres in Nairobi. The commonly used models included the 12 step program of the Minnesota model, Therapeutic community model, Medical model and in most places a mixture of the various models. The most qualification of addiction treatment staff was Diploma level at 53.3%.