The Effects Of Child Sexual Abuse On Academic Performance: A Case Of Mathare Constituency, Nairobi County.
The study was intended to investigate into the effects of child sexual abuse on academic performance, the overall objective of this study thus was to establish the effects of child sexual abuse on academic performance in Mathare Constituency, Nairobi County, and the study was conducted in Mathare Constituency, Nairobi County. The researcher purposively chose a constituency that is slum and densely populated. Such an area could have unique challenges in antisocial prevalence and pose a challenge in bringing up children and therefore the study findings provided a basis for comparison with other could be classified as safer, regions for children welfare. The target population was the community members, children aged 12-17 years, AACs and community based structures established to deal with child protection issues and national level stakeholders. This study employed both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. Qualitative data was used to get community opinion on child sexual abuse. The study employed both secondary data from the literature review of existing publications and other authentic documents and primary data from face to face interviews, administering questionnaires and focus group discussions with the community. The primary data was collected through field work using qualitative and quantitative approaches. The main method of data collection was household interviews. 120 house hold interviews were conducted, 7 key informant interviews and one FGD; for children. The data was analysed using SPSS and later presented in frequency tables for interpretation. Finding for the objectives were as follows: objective one focused on the nature of child sexual abuse; the research findings indicates that the major category of child sexual abuse which was prevalent in the community was the interfamilial sexual abuse, where children were sexually abused by close relatives, the male perpetrators and girl child were found to be the most victims of the vice 80% of the respondents were aware of father-daughter sexual abuse,98% for father-son,19% for mother-son, 19% for sibling-incest,83% on rape,66% on sodomy, 16% on incest and 19% on paedophilia respectively. The second objective focused on the forms of child sexual abuse; the research findings indicate that child sexual abuse took many forms in the community; vaginal penetration, French kissing, kidding, prolonged kissing and mutual masturbations. Among them the most prevalent was the vaginal penetration which was accompanied by physical injury on the victim’s life. The third objective focused on the familial factors contributing to child sexual abuse; the research findings indicates that there are many familial factors that contribute to child sexual abuse; poverty and second marriage were revealed as some of the familial factors that greatly lead child sexual abuse. The fourth objective laid more emphasis on the effects of child sexual abuse on academic performance; the research findings revealed that child sexual abuse led to school dropout among the children, besides the findings also reveal that child sexual abuse resulted into psychological trauma on the life of the victims this results into lack of concentration in the life of the victims which affects the academic performance of the child. The study recommends implementation of more strategies to protect children since child sexual abuse was against the right of the child. This would mean the government working in close collaboration with the identified key players in the community including NGO. The report has also provided suggestions for future research.