The Discovery of GS-9669, a Thumb Site II Non-nucleoside Inhibitor of NS5B for the Treatment of Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C Infection
Mwangi, Julius W.
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Investigation of thiophene-2-carboxylic acid HCV NS5B site II inhibitors, guided by measurement of cell culture medium binding, revealed the structure-activity relationships for intrinsic cellular potency. The pharmacokinetic profile was enhanced through incorporation of heterocyclic ethers on the N-alkyl substituent. Hydroxyl groups were incorporated to modulate protein binding. Intrinsic potency was further improved through enantiospecific introduction of an olefin in the N-acyl motif, resulting in the discovery of the phase 2 clinical candidate GS-9669. The unexpected activity of this compound against the clinically relevant NS5B M423T mutant, relative to the wild type, was shown to arise from both the N-alkyl substituent and the N-acyl group.