Peace education and social transformation: an analysis of Kenya’s post election violence situation
Since war begins in the mind of men, it is in the minds of men the defences of peace must be instructed. It is only when our minds are transformed we can move toward a culture of peace. This research project, sets to investigate whether Peace Education in Kenya, has been fully utilized to transform societies from a culture of violence to a culture of peace given that Kenya is a post conflict society where aspects such as fear, hatred, and mistrust exists after the 2007/2008 post election violence. The objectives of this study are to examine the content of peace education in relation to the state of peace education in Kenya and its transformative impact in Kenya since the post election violence. The research questions that the research seeks to examine are, if the Kenyan education system does promote a culture of peace through its curriculum and if peace education has transformed the Kenyan society. This research is guided by the integrative theory of peace that holds that peace is psychological, social, political, ethical and spiritual which is an outcome of human cognitive, emotive and conative capacities that determine the nature of our world views. This means that human beings can learn to be peacefully by changing their world views to that of a culture of peace through peace education. In addition, the United Nation supports that the ultimate tool for achieving a culture of peace would be through peace education, where people are socialized to be peaceful and envision peace in their mind. With an understanding that conflict will always be a part of our society, we should therefore adopt norms that are geared towards cooperation, respect of other people’s culture, respect of human rights and non- violence means of achieving incompatible goals. To achieve the objectives and examine the research questions, the research adopted a methodology that is descriptive which uses both primary and secondary data by using books, interviews, questioners and focus group discussion hence allowing use of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The main finding of the study from the collected data is that peace education in Kenya has not been effective in addressing issues of equality, respect of cultural diversity and addressing fears to allow Kenyans live anywhere without fear. This implies that peace education should be made more effective in order to transform the Kenyan society in all aspects and nature a culture of peace. Peace education should as well be made part of every learning institution to impact knowledge and nature attitudes such as respect of human rights, peacefully ways of conflict resolution, cooperation and patriotism.