The sustainability of housing co-operatives in shelter provision in the informal settlements: a case of kibera soweto east co-operatives.
Kemboi, Kimosop Anthony
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This is a research on study on sustainability of the housing co-operatives in the provision of shelter in the informal settlements. The informal settlements are seen as an eyesore and embarrassment by many people in the middle and high income regions of the world. In some instances, we have seen a lot of demolition of these mud walled houses; others are made of timber, iron sheets and carton boxes. Most of the world’s population which is about 48% live in the informal settlements and slums of the urban areas. Of these, Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest percentages with 61.7% of its population being slum dwellers. Indeed, the urban growth rate of this region (4.6%) is almost the same as that of slum formation (4.5%). For instance in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, the living conditions in informal settlements is among the worst in Africa due to extremely high population densities. More than one million urban dwellers (Nairobi) are slum dwellers (32% of the total population). This population is spread across 200 informal settlements (Appendix IV) and concentrated on 5% of the city’s land area. To assist in tackling the rapid proliferation of slums which is often accompanied by weak urban planning and housing policies as well as poor performing government institutions, many initiatives from international agencies, national agencies and local communities have undertaken to improve the living conditions of slum dwellers in Nairobi over the last decade. One such example of slum upgrading projects in Nairobi is the Kenya National Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP). With the belief that Nairobi is the mother of all employments, it receives enormous population coming to look for jobs. These immigrants have low income (poor pay) and are faced with skyrocketing house rents coupled with high transport costs. They thus end up living in the poorly serviced part of the city: slums and informal settlements. The poor housing conditions in the slums and informal settlements still exist despite the government putting in place policies like the National Development plan of 1966/67, sessional paper number 5 of 1965/66, and the National Housing Policy no 3 of 2004. This being the case, The Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme’s Implementation Strategy considers that it is through the Housing Co-operatives that those living in the informal settlements and slums can be housed. However the major concern is the sustainability of these housing co-operatives. The study is organized into five chapters. Chapter one introduces the investigation, the background of the research and insight into the area of study. Chapter two reviews existing literature and co-operative movements while chapter three is on the methodology. Chapter four presents the data collected while chapter five presents analysis and recommendations.