Factors that influence change management strategies at Plan International, Kenya
In today's dynamic business environment, all organizations have to perennially manage change since change impacts all kinds of organizations whether profit making or not. Change has become the only constant in today's life for individual organizations and it has become both pervasive and persistent. Therefore, the success of most organization will depend on how well the change management process is managed. The aim of this study was to establish the factors that influenced change management strategies in Plan International Kenya. A case study research design was used and the data was collected through personal interviews using a guide. Data was also obtained from the organizations internal manuals, reports and other documents. The data was analyzed using content analysis. The study established that time consideration; distribution of power and politics, degree of change in strategy and structure and attitude towards risk were the main factors that influenced the choice of change management strategies in Plan International Kenya. Organization dependency on employees and degree of resistance to change also influenced the choice of strategy but on a moderate level while organization culture influenced the choice of strategy on a low level. In conclusion, the objective of the study was achieved. It is evident from the study that the degree of change in strategy and structure, attitude toward risk, time consideration, politics and power distribution, organization dependency on employees, the degree of resistance to change and organization culture influenced the change management strategy chosen by Plan International Kenya. It is therefore recommended that before beginning change process, every organization should take into consideration factors that influence change management strategies and their level of importance. This is partly due to the fact that not every factor exerts the same degree of influence.