Recruitment and selection practices in Kenyan public universities
Recruitment and selection is one of the most important parts of HR. The effective recruitment and selection of employees is a fundamental HRM activity, one that if managed well can have a significant impact on organizational performance as well as lead to a more positive organizational image. This study sought to determine the recruitment and selection practices in public universities. A cross sectional survey was used. Data was collected using questionnaires targeting an administrative officer in charge of human resources in all the twenty two Kenyan public universities. The respondents were asked questions regarding the recruitment and selection practices in the public universities as well as the presence of the recruitment and selection policies. The response rate was excellent as nearly all the questionnaires were filled and returned. Data analysis was done using measures of central tendencies such as mean and standard deviation. The study indicated that all the public universities have a recruitment policy whereas half of them agreed to have the selection policy. The study findings indicated that external advertisement and internal recruitment practices are used to a large extent. The internet, transfers, headhunting and referrals are used to a less extent. Employment agencies are rarely used. The study also indicated that panel interviews are used at a very large extent. Short listing and one on one interview are used to a large extent. Pre employment medical examination is used to some extent. Sequenced interviews, internet based selection, assessment centres and background checks are only used to a less extent. The research revealed that university policy or practice on recruiting and selection was based on several practices; the first is analysis of the various departments to find out if there are vacancies to be filled. However, it was noted that the Kenyan public universities do not vary the recruitment and selection practices they use. It was also revealed that some Kenyan public universities do not have a selection policy. Those that have the selection policy, at times deviate from the formal process. It is recommended that the Kenyan public universities should consider varying the recruitment and selection practices. The public universities are further advised to have a well structured selection policy which should be adhered to.