Influence Of Monitoring And Evaluation Process On Teaching And Learning Among Public Primary Schools In Gatanga Sub County, Murang’a County, Kenya
The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of monitoring and evaluation process on teaching and learning in primary schools in Gatanga Sub County Muranga County. This study was guided by the following objectives: to establish the influence of monitoring and evaluation of instructional policy and planning on teaching and learning among public primary schools in Gatanga Sub County , to establish the influence of monitoring and evaluation of teachers‟ professional development on teaching and learning processes in public primary schools in Gatanga Sub County , to establish the influence of monitoring and evaluation of classroom activities on teaching and learning and to identify the influence of monitoring and evaluation of leadership, management and communication on teaching and learning in public primary schools in Gatanga Sub County. The study adopted a Descriptive Survey Research design.The target population was 56 head teachers 336 panel heads 6 DQASOS. The researcher used stratified sampling to identify the schools, simple random sampling to identify the teachers and purposive sampling techniques to sample its key respondents such as county staffing officer, Zonal TAC and DQASO. The study had a sample size of 18 head teachers, 108 teachers, one county staffing officer, three zonal TAC officers and 3 DQASO. This gave a total sample of 133 respondents. A total of 16 head teachers, 106 teachers, two zonal TAC officers and two DQASO participated in the study. This ensured that a total of 126 respondents who were used in the study giving out an instrument return rate of 95.5%. Validity of the research instruments was ensured by undertaking a pre-test in four schools from the nearby Kandara Sub County which did not form part of the sample. Reliability of the instruments was then computed by correlating the results of these four schools and the reliability coefficient was found to be 0.78. The researcher used SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to summarize the data. From the analysis, the study found out the following: monitoring and evaluation in public primary schools is carried out internally by head teachers, deputy head teachers, senior teachers and subject panel heads. External monitoring and evaluation is minimal. Teachers do not sign in registers when they report or leave work. Monitoring and evaluation leads to effective teaching and learning in all schools. It helps improve and diagnose weak areas in the curriculum, it enhances curriculum delivery, improves performance and teaching techniques adopted by teachers. To some teachers, monitoring and evaluation carried out externally by QASO seems to be reactive rather than advisory. These officers are only involved when there are issues to be addressed in schools such as poor academic performance. Majority of the respondents felt monitoring and evaluation should be done on frequent basis by the DQASOS. Proper and adequate funding should be provided to aid activities of monitoring and evaluation.