The relationship between empowerment and motivation of supervisors in multi-national petroleum firms in Kenya
The main objective of the study was to determine the relationship between empowerment and motivation of supervisors in multi-national firms in Kenya. The research problem was that despite the important role played. by supervisors in organizations supervisors in the sector have not been fully empowered to carry out their duties.The research was conducted using survey research design. The target population consisted of all the 280 supervisors in all the multi-national petroleum firms based in Nairobi. The sample consisted of 84 respondents i.e. 30% of the supervisors in the sector. Questionnaires were , used for collecting primary data. The method of administering the questionnaire was drop and pick. Data collected from respondents was both quantitative and qualitative. The data was analyzed using SPSS. Out of the 84 questionnaires distributed for this research, 58 useable questionnaires were returned giving a response rate of 70%, which was considered satisfactory for subsequent analysis. This research has shown that the level of supervisor motivation in the multinational petroleum firms in Kenya is determined by their level of empowerment. The study has also shown that strategies such as equipping supervisors with relevant skills through training, delegation of some duties to supervisors, effective communication channels within the organization, access to useful information for decision making, respect from superiors, involvement of supervisors in decision making, support from management and other forms of empowerment positively affect motivation of supervisors in the multi-national petroleum firms in Kenya. However, it is possible that these findings may not be replicated in local petroleum firms in Kenya such as National Oil Cooperation, KenolKobil. I therefore recommend that similar study be done to determine the relationship between empowerment and motivation of supervisors in the locally owned petroleum firms.