Factors influencing male involvement in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmissions in Kenya: a case of Mukuru slums
The aim of this study was to establish the factors that influence men’s involvement in Prevention of mother-to-Child Transmission Programs, assess the level of awareness on men’s involvement in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Programs, establish the influence of social cultural factors on men’s involvement in Prevention of Mother-toChild Transmission Programs and assess how attitude of caregivers affect the uptake of prevention of mother-to-child transmission services by men. The survey was based on the framework that awareness is a potential factor influencing men’s adoption of PMTCT. Men need to be aware that PMTCT programmes exist and the roles they can play in the programme as well as how PMTCT programmes work. This study was carried out in Mukuru Kwa Njenga Slums. The study targeted 760 men and women who had been at least counseled and tested for HIV for PMTCT in Mukuru Kwa Njenga Slums. A random sample of 95 men and women were selected using the systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected using both primary and secondary data collection methods. The primary data was collected using self-administered semi structured questionnaires, and observations. Secondary data was obtained from the already existing information on PMTC and HIV. A pilot study on five respondents randomly sampled from the target population was carried out to ensure validity while the standard Error of Measurement test of reliability was used in this study. Data was analyzed using descriptive and content analyses methods.