Green supply chain management practices and environmental performance in Bamburi cement limited
Mwaengo, Thomas K
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Over the past decade there has been a growing awareness of widespread environmental degradation facing current and future generations. Its importance emanates from increasing environmental problems such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, solid wastes, and air pollution. Environmentalism has become an important element for both organizations and governments. Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is the integrated process, from raw material to finished product, up to consumption and disposal, with consideration of preventing environmental degradation. This study aimed at investigating the extent at which GSCM is practiced at Bamburi Cement Limited and whether these practices result to improved environmental performance. The researcher conducted a case study of the supply chain operations of Bamburi Cement Limited factory at Mombasa. Primary data was collected through interviewing the Projects and Environment Manager as this would elicit responses that can be qualitatively analysed and help capture issues relevant to the objectives of the study. Secondary data was collected from historical data captured from the cement kiln emission monitor and data from emission audits conducted by independent audit firms. Research findings indicated that the supply chain process at Bamburi Cement Limited takes into account environmental considerations. These practices are influenced by both government regulation and a culture of conservation from the parent company Lafarge. The material and processes used in the manufacture of cement undergo strict environmental checks and the installation of an emission filter has greatly reduced emission of toxic gases to a level below the Kenya draft emission standard. The practices however involve heavy financial investment and are challenging to sustain since the upstream and downstream supply chain processes are handled by independent entities. Recommendations include setting up factory-owned distribution outlets and setting up a fully integrated and effective Environmental Management System (EMS) that will streamline its operations, lower carbon footprint, and putting the environment at the heart of corporate culture.