Relationship between perceived occupational safety and organizational commitment: a case study of Kenya Petroleum Refinery Limited
Nyambu, Clemence W
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The main objective of this study was to establish the relationship between perceived occupational safety and organizational commitment at Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited. A sample of 72 employees was targeted consisting of 40 site workers, 12 laboratory attendants and 20 members from the administration. A structured questionnaire containing both open and closed questions was used to collect the data. The drop and pick method was used to distribute and collect questionnaires. 57 Questionnaires were filled and returned. The response rate of 79% was achieved. The data was analyzed using Descriptive Statistics and Pearson Correlation technique which indicated that a relationship existed between perceived occupational safety and organizational commitment. The study revealed that all the employees perceived their organization to be committed to their safety. This means that KPRL is doing all it can to provide a conducive and safe working environment for their employees. The study further found that when workers perceive that their organization is supportive, concerned and interested in their wellbeing, they are more likely to perceive that their organization values their safety. The study also revealed that employees' evaluation of their workplace policies is significantly related and predictive of their organizational commitment. The main limitation of the study was the fact that cross-sectional data was primarily used for this research, making it impossible to determine causality of commitment to safety and the employee level out-comes, thus causality could not be inferred from the results. Thus, it is recommended that KPRL customizes training on safety in the organization by involving employees at all levels in matters that concern occupational safety and take into account the employee's characteristics when conducting the safety prevention activities at the workplace.