Border management and national security: an analysis of the implementation of border policies in Kenya
The study sought to analyze the challenges facing effective implementation of border management policies in Kenya. In particular the study sought to achieve the following specific objective: To determine the impact of emerging global trends on border management and implementation of border policies in Kenya. From the literature reviewed, there was a need to evaluate the key challenges that face the leading border management agency in Kenya. The areas investigated were, emigration and immigration, regional integration and information technology. The study adopted a survey research method to collect information during a highly structured interview. The study relied on primary data which was collected using questionnaires that were administered to immigration officers and administrative officers within the Department of Immigration and data analyzed qualitatively. The findings of the research show that challenges exist in the effective implementation of border policies and procedures. Emerging trends in the globe were seen as major determinants and challenges to effective border management. To a large extent, integration as a trend has had impact on border management as well as migration. Information Technology has had positive impact on effective management of border policies.