The Challenges of foreign policy formulation and implementation in Africa: The Case of Kenya, 1963-2012
This research project was aimed at analyzing at length the foreign policy formulation and implementation challenges in the African context, the main focus being Kenya. It focused mainly on the actors be it state or non state actors. Non state actors include Multi-national Corporations, Non Governmental institution, Intergovernmental organizations among others. It further looked at the patterns and practices of Africa‘s foreign policies in the past. Most of the African countries at one time were under the rule of colonial masters mainly from Europe. This therefore means that these countries share a lot in common, structures not being an exception. African states have formed their own continental and regional institutions with an aim of developing the continent. This would also enhance their leverage on the international affairs. The broad objectives of the study were to provide an overview of foreign policy in Africa, analyze the role of leadership and their influence on foreign policy in Kenya; investigate the effects of external and internal environments on foreign policy. The approach used in the study was qualitative. A questionnaire was constructed and had both open and closed ended questions. They were then administered to the targeted group, from the relevant ministries who are usually tasked with foreign policy matters. This is the area that gave much insight in as far as Kenya‘s foreign policy is concerned. Secondary data was also used ranging from published books, journals, business magazines, service charter among others.