Challenges of career development faced by women in senior management in the civil service in Kenya
This was a cross sectional survey targeting women in senior management in the civil service in Kenya. The study sought to investigate the challenges that women in senior management faced in career development. The data was collected using self administered questionnaires which were given to women in senior management in the civil service, where senior management included those in job group P and above. Two questionnaires were filled per ministry and government department. The findings of the study are that few women are in senior management positions in the civil service in Kenya. It was found that limited access to informal networks, gender role stereotypes, blocked promotions due to the glass ceiling effect, fear of success and inadequate education and training were impediments to career development for women in the civil service. It was found that the women in senior management positions had stayed in several positions longer than necessary even when they had already qualified to move to the next level. Some had actually stayed in one position for ten years after they had qualified for a promotion. From the foregoing it is evident that the civil service may need to address their work and promotion policies as relates to women to minimize the gender specific challenges that women faced in career development.