Extent Of Information Communication Technology’s Integration In The Teaching And Learning Process In Secondary Schools In Nyeri South District, Kenya
Use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and its integration in education is becoming increasingly widespread. However, the progress has been uneven across levels, regions and even countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of ICT integration in teaching and learning process in Secondary Schools in Nyeri South District. The study was guided by four research objectives:- to determine the extent of accessibility of computers to teachers and students , to determine the level of teachers’ and students’ expertise in ICT integration , to determine the ways in which ICT is integrated in teaching and learning process and to determine the level of implementation of ICT integration policy in the provision of education in secondary schools in Nyeri South District. The study employed descriptive survey design targeting 4760 students, 680 teachers and 34 principals in all the 34 secondary schools in Nyeri South District The main data collection methods used were questionnaires and observation schedule to triangulate responses from each other. The data collected were analyzed using both descriptive statistics and percentages. Research findings indicate that most schools in Nyeri South District had access to computers and related peripherals, but, the equipments were inadequate to support full integration of ICT. Most students and teachers had low level of confidence in the performance of some essential tasks requiring ICT; the findings further revealed that the extent of ICT integration in both teaching and learning is low as most teachers and students still use traditional methods of teaching and learning in the schools. It was further established that implementation of Ministry of Education ICT integration policy is faced by several challenges that needs to be addressed. The recommendations made are:- school authorities should provide appropriate facilitation of ICT integration in the schools and in the classrooms, strategies on increasing ICT usage to be formulated by education stakeholders, universities and Teachers Training Colleges (TTC) to incorporate and strengthen ICT integration training in their teacher education programs and that government and private sector to intensify their support to schools towards ICT integration.