Effects of widow inheritance on Children's right to early childhood education in Ugenya District- Siaya county, Kenya
The right to education is an alienable right based on the theory of naturalism and universalism. It is defined as the universal access to free and compulsory primary education, universal availability and accessibility of secondary education and equal access to higher education in Kenya is every human’s right. Nonetheless cultural dispensations such as Widow Inheritance (WI), undermines the realization and implementation of this universal concept. WI curtails widow: marital decisions, infringes upon widows’ rights and by extension those of their children like nutrition, healthcare, play, property inheritance, parental involvement and particularly the opportunity to learn. This renders children unprepared to take up challenges and demands of the early year’s curriculum with the right frame of mind. It is in this context that the study sought to investigate the effects of widow inheritance on children’s rights to early childhood education in Ugenya District, Siaya County, Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey design to establish whether the renowned cultural practice of widow inheritance negates or upholds the right of the affected children to preschool education. The study used purposive and random sampling techniques. From a target population of 1349 out of which 200 were sampled of whom 50 were widows, 100 were preschool children, 25 preschool teachers and 14 were from support groups. Structured questionnaires and oral interviews formed major data collection tools however, focus group discussion as well as story telling was utilized as a way of getting the opinions of women leaders and first hand feel of children’s home situation respectively. Collected data was coded and analyzed using the analysis of data where frequencies and means was calculated and pulled into percentages. The study concluded that widow inheritance has got diverse effects on children’s rights to ECDE. Therefore the study recommends that further studies should be done in other Districts for comparison and proper generalization of funding.