Change management in the implementation of Kenya Vision 2030 among Technical, Industrial, Vocational and Entrepreneural Training (Tivet) institutions in western Kenya
For nearly four decades, Kenya has experienced poor economic performance reflected in low industrialization, reduced growth rate of GDP income per capita and high inflation. Thus the standards of living have continued to fall among the majority of the people with a large disparity seen between the poor and the rich. The launch of Kenya Vision 2030 came to remedy all these, though its implementation has encountered a number of challenges especially in the Higher education sector which forms the bedrock for science, innovation and technology the country needs to successfully industrialize. This research was designed to establish the change management practices adopted by TIVET institutions in western Kenya region in the implementation of Kenya Vision 2030. To achieve this objective, the study adopted a descriptive survey research design and focused on a population of thirteen TIVET institutions all of which were served with questionnaires. Responses were received from ten institutions giving a response rate of 76.9%. The study used primary data and secondary data .The data collection method was a structured questionnaire. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics in form of percentages and frequencies. The findings of the study showed that most of the TIVET institutions were making impressive strides in initiating and managing the required changes. It was established most of the change initiatives that were presented to the respondents received above average ratings (above 50%). However, it was established that the proportion of those organizations who rated the changes as having initiated to a less extent ,and to a moderate extent provided evidence that there are considerable number of institutions that have not embraced the changes necessary in the implementation of Kenya vision 2030.Generally, the study established that not all TIVET institutions in western Kenya region were found to have made impressive developments in initiating and managing change during Kenya vision 2030 implementation, and for those that did ,they faced enormous challenges inform of external stakeholders influence(politicians and the general public) and low rate of e-learning integration across all the departments, which in most institutions was due to inadequate funds to facilitate the process. The study draws conclusion and recommendations from the research for wider application with a view to transforming Kenya into a newly industrializing, middle income country providing high quality of life to all its citizens. There is need for the government commitment in creating a conducive environment for the TIVET institutions especially in western Kenya region through funding, capacity building and periodic monitoring to ensure they meet the policy objectives.