Effects of quality management systems on Treatment of tuberculosis patients: a case of Kenya medical research institute/centre for Disease control and prevention, Kisumu, Kenya.
Tuberculosis disease is a global burden ranked eighth highest cause of death and its treatment would be efficient with the presence of Quality management systems in all sectors of Tuberculosis management. It was thus considered important to investigate the effects of Quality management systems on treatment of Tuberculosis. Until 2011, KEMRI/CDC Tuberculosis branch conducted research without clearly outlined quality management systems. The absence of Quality management systems may lead to many challenges like release of delayed results due to inefficient quality systems in diagnosis sector. This may lead to patients going without treatment due to lack of clear diagnosis, unnecessary deaths and continuous infection in the community. The Quality management systems were implemented in the Tuberculosis branch since 2011. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of Quality management systems looking at turnaround time, results accuracy, drug inventory, monitoring and evaluation through DOTS and data management on Tuberculosis patient treatment in KEMRIICDC. Among the objectives that this study investigated included; extent to which Turnaround time, result accuracy, drug inventory, monitoring and evaluation and data management influenced Tuberculosis patient treatment with the research question addressing the level at which they influenced TB treatment. The target population was 200 KEMRIICDC staff dealing with Tuberculosis patients. The research employed a descriptive cross sectional survey and 133 staff were interviewed. Data was collected using questionnaires administered to the staff dealing with Tuberculosis patients. Pilot-testing was used in making the instrument valid using 13 staff from Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital. Data was entered into the computer and analyzed using computer supported software. All questionnaire parameters were entered into the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) for results presentation and univariate and bivariate statistics analyzed study data. Study found out time to diagnosis did not affect TB treatment with majority 35(26.3%) taking 3weeks -1 month and completing medication in 6 months. 81(60.9%) of the respondents received smear results in 48 hours, 61(45.9%) received correct results, 76(57.1 %) results were complete, 75(56.4%) had routine drug inventory, 72(54.2%) had no expiries in the TB clinics, 85(63.9%) of patients are under follow up, 87(65.5%) are on DOT, 76(57.1 %) of the respondents used both electronic and paper or purely electronic and 87(65.4%) were linking patients to the TB registers with all these categories completing TB treatment in a record time of 6 months. The study concluded that a quality management system in KEMRI/CDC TB section had improved treatment of TB patients. The study recommends that other sectors dealing with TB patients especially the public hospital where the TB burden lies, should implement quality management systems to enhance effective TB treatment.