Institutional factors influencing students performance in certificate of secondary education examination in public secondary schools in Morogoro municipality , Tanzania
The purpose of this study was to investigate the institutional factors influencing performance of the students in CSEE in public secondary schools in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania. After analysis this study concludes that most of Morogoro Municipality secondary schools, as indicated by respondents, experienced poor academic performance due to poor school facilitation. This was indicated in the analysis showing a mean of 1.54. The institutional factors that had a profound impact on academic performance of CSEE on Morogoro Municipality public secondary schools were (a) Teacher including demonstrations in class, (b) The provision of learning and teaching resources influence your performance, (c) Teachers experience can influence performance, (d) Head teachers supervision influence performance, (e) Availability of enough facilities in institution, (f) Effectiveness of school facilities and availability of students' affair personnel. It is very similar with Lyons, 2001 where the research showed that there was an explicit relationship between the physical characteristics of school buildings and educational outcomes, as in this study students indicated that they much needed enough facilities to improve on their performance. The study used Ex post facto research design. The study adapted a theory derived from the System’s theory input-output model developed by Ludwig Von Bertalanffy in 1956. The researcher’s target population was 100 teachers, 150 students and 24 head teachers from 24 public secondary schools. A sample size representative of the study population was selected using simple random sampling and purposive sampling. This study used two instruments namely questionnaire and interview schedule. To enhance content validity, the researcher had the research instruments appraised by the research supervisors who were also specialist in education administration at Nairobi University. In order to establish the reliability of the instrument, the data obtained from the pilot study was coded and entered. Cronbach's Alpha was then computed using SPSS. The most probable problems in the study were privacy and confidentiality of the respondents. The collected data was first edited by the researcher. This was done by collecting questionnaires per day and assigning them numbers and codes. Data collected was analyzed quantitatively using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS v20). The computed data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The statistics calculated included frequencies, means and percentages. The data was presented in frequency tables, bar graphs and pie charts. according to the major findings of this study where schools facilities seems to be the major institutional factor influencing students' poor CSEE performance the study therefore highly recommends stakeholders, board of governors and the ministry to reconsider funding schools to pave way for development. it further suggests that a comparative study to be done on both private and public secondary schools in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania to clearly come up with the key factors.