Factors influencing performance of environmental conservation organisations:A case of Mt. Kenya Trust,Laikipia county,Kenya
Environmental awareness has become an increasingly important global issue. Worldwide destruction and degradation of our natural habitat has lead to the creation of many environmental conservation organizations whose purpose is to address environmental issues and come up with solutions. This study paper presents an assessment of the efficacy of performance of environmental conservation nongovernment organization, Mt. Kenya Trust. This research paper assessed and evaluated the factors influencing its performance through donor funding, leadership styles, linkages with conservation partners and community participation in the project. Under Vision 2030, Kenya’s journey towards prosperity involves the building of a just and cohesive society, enjoyable equitable social development in a clean and secure environment. This quest is the basis of transformation in eight key social sectors one which is environment. Kenya aims to be a nation living in a clean, secure and sustainable environment by 2030. The goals for 2012 are to increase the forest cover from less than 3% at present to 4% and to lessen by half all environmental – related diseases. The design of this research was a descriptive survey research with the target population composed of 312 personnel of Mt. Kenya Trust an environmental conservation organisation. The study adopted the stratified random method for sampling. The tool of data collection used was a questionnaire. The study made use of frequency tables and percentages to present data by targeting a sample size of 76 employees. Data was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. This generated quantitative reports through tabulations, percentages, and measure of central tendency. The findings were presented using tables and frequency distributions. In addition, the researcher conducted a linear regression analysis which showed a negative correlation (-0.723) between the number of conservation partners and duration of linkages with the conservation partners. The study found out that environmental conservation organisations are quite unique compared to other organisations, this was because they are mostly located on the area of operation directly at the heart of the problem and have to included external source for successful performance. For the conservation organisation to be successful it is imperative that they work in partnership with other organisation and also involve communities in the areas that projects are implemented. From findings using Chi square at 95% confidence level with 4 degree of freedom retunes a p = 0.544 indicated that there exists no statistically significant relationship between education level and environmental conservation among the employees. Furthermore the study established that internal wrangles in an organisation may affect its performance, leading to another factor that influences the organisation is leadership styles. The study recommended that both local and foreign donor funding are a necessity especially in organisations that rely solely in disbursement of funds. There should also be strong links between communities and environmental conservation organisation to ensure a high performance.