The myths and realities in development trusteeship with respect to participation: an assessment of the UNDP projects in Kenya.
Wanjohi, Samuel K
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Development, as a concept has its own myths and realities, due to the numerous meanings attached to it This is also true of the many circles that have been used to carry development in the years One such vehicle is Trusteeship, or the use of agencies to carry out development work on behalf of the beneficiaries. This study, therefore, set out to investigate the myths and realities in development trusteeship, especially after the end of the Cold War. The end of the Cold War is important in that it marked the end of the East-West divide, and with it the quest for spheres of influence, which had. over the years. been used by both the Eastern and Western Blocks as channels for development assistance to the Third World countries. The end of the Cold War thus marked the end of last- West competitions for spheres of ideological influence, which had earlier exploited development assistance as a tool to compromise the sociopolitical inclinations or many Third World countries. It might then logically follow that after the end or the Cold war development assistance can best be acquired from a neutral body, whose mamlate allows it to tackle thorny Third World development issues, without expecting an) political. or ideological returns. Such a body is to be seen as a development trustee. The United Nations. an organisation that was formed by different member countries. The United Nations, internally, comprises various agencies. each of which is oriented towards a particular field of international concern. Consequently, it is only the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) that handles development issues in, virtually, all sectors. The evaluation of the UN is also handled within the participation within development Trusteeship Framework, which advocates for local level or peoples' participation in trustee-funded development projects. The study. therefore, has sought to explore for the presence, or absence of local community participation, if present. describe and explain its manifestation, with the aim of relating it to the sustainabi!ity aspect of particular projects. It is particularly important. ill this study. to establish whether local community participation in trustee-funded projects is the key to development sustainability in the Third World. Consequently, this study has established that the UNDP relates with the local community members as a partner aim not as an all-knowing development expert.This unique trustee-beneficiary relationship mainly allocates the role of a development projects' financier to.the UNDP, while the members of the local community arc left to identity,design, plan, and implement their development projects. various modes of local community participation ill the development projects investigated in the study. The UNDP also takes the role of a constant/regular developmental advisor. In this vein, the local community members become the owners or the various development projects implemented through the UNDP funding.