The role of non-governmental organizations in conflict resolution: the case of West Pokot region
The purpose of the study was to investigate the role NGOs play in conflict resolution in West Pokot region of Kenya. As an Educational study, the study did not cover entire West Pokot, but a number of individuals from selected districts were taken to represent the population. The officials of NO Os were included to establish NGOs' humanitarian roles in conflict resolution and their influence in west Pokot. Issues on how NGOs use scarce resources management method to address conflict were analyzed. The study established the means through which NGOs provide forums for conflicting communities in West Pokot to sort out their differences. The study identified the possible ways through which the NGOs could facilitate public awareness about conflict resolution in West Pokot. The research sort to establish which humanitarian roles NGOs play in conflict resolution and what their influence is among the communities in West Pokot. Also how NGOs use scarce resource management methods to address conflict? Thirdly the research sought the answer on how NGOs provide forum for conflicting communities in west Pokot to settle conflict. Lastly the research sought to establish possible ways through which NGOs facilitate public awareness about conflict resolution in West Pokot. The study employed Human needs theory (HNT) developed in the 1970s and 1980s as a generic or holistic theory of human behavior. It is based on the hypothesis that human have basic needs that have to be met in order to maintain stable societies as John Burton describes.The research design adopted in this study was survey in which the researeherwent to the field to collect data directly. The sample size in this study was 210 respondents. In this study, the researcher employed simple random sampling technique to select 210 respondents from the population. Questionnaires and interviews were used in data collection. The analysis of data in this study was descriptive in nature. Data was presented in tables with emphasis to frequencies and percentages. The study established that NGOs playa crucial role in conflict resolution in West Pokot. The study found out that NGOs provides; food, clothing, water and tents in case of calamity. This was attributed to the fact that basic needs and health services are basic for the survival of every community. It was also established that NGO's settling conflict affected person's leads to conflict resolution.When natural resources are well managed conflicts are minimized. The NGOs provided fora meetings during which residents were given awareness concerning peace and conflict resolution. The study revealed that NGOs organized social functions once per year. These were the NGOs who organized major events once per year like Tecla Lorupe Peace Race (TLPR) which is an annual event.Several ways were used by NGOs to facilitate public awareness in conflict resolution in West Pokot. Among them were fortnight meetings that were held by NGOs. The main agenda of the meetings held by NGOs was 011 peace building. The NGOs play a crucial role in conflict resolution in West Pokot. This is through provision of basic need as humanitarian assistance example of food relief, clothing water and tents which are the underlying causes of the conflicts. NGOs are important especially those that champion for scarce resource management.Most of the NGOs have taken the initiative of drilling of boreholes to provide enough water points for livestock and people, establishment of health centres and restocking of livestock after rustling. The NGOs provided forum where warring communities to meet and residents given awareness concerning peace and conflict resolution. The study recommended that there is need for more donors to support the NGOs in West Pokot in provision of humanitarian services. NGOs should step up their involvement in creating and sustaining grazing enclosures.On public awareness in conflict resolution more forums should be sought to make West Pokot inhabitant have knowledge in peace building and regular meetings should be held to preach peace among the residents of West Pokot.