Factors influencing the effective implementation of cash based response projects, a case of middle Shebelle region Somalia
Mugo, David T
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Cash based response is used as an intervention to strengthen livelihoods of the population affected by drought or famine by creating assets such as dams, cannels or improving watershed management. Scaling-up of cash based intervention is appropriate in sudden-onset emergencies where there is severe damage to infrastructure. The programs can be appropriate since it is selftargeting, in the sense that the wage rate is set low enough that only people in need will choose to work. However, there has no works which have adequately addressed the issue of cash based response project implementation and the factors that affect the project effectiveness. This project addressed the issue of project implementation with special attention to factors that influence the effective implementation process. The project looked at current cash based response projects in the region and their intervention, in order to show various factors that affect their effectiveness in the implementation. This project discussed that influence of agency capacity, staff competence, community culture, security and community involvement in order to reveal the connections between these factors and their effect on project implementation effectiveness. This study adopted a descriptive research design to investigate the challenges facing the implementation of cash based projects. The researcher used open ended and structured questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussion to gather information. The data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively through the use of descriptive statistics. In the findings this study identified that 93% of the respondents said that the implementing agency capacity has a lot of influence project implementation in the same question the focus group discussion also agreed to that. Majority respondents were on the opinion that involvement of beneficiary in the whole project process was important factor to assure effectiveness, approximate 90% of respondents agreed to that. 90% of the respondents agreed that some Somalia cultural practices may have negative influence on the implementation of the project since they marginalize women and hinder women and pastoralist from participation. The fourth research question helped researcher to identify the effect of security to projects where approximate 90% of the respondent agreed that security is a major factor to consider in project implementation. In conclusion, this project report, by closely examining these factors sheds new light on tlre rarely acknowledged issue of project planning and management of humanitarian programmes based on this study the effectiveness of the project will not be achieved unless there is good organization capacity, involvement of beneficiaries/community, empowering the community to discard retrogressing culture and nurturing the good values, and ensuring the security not only to staff but also to beneficially. The report recommend that for effective implementation of cash based projects it is very important for project managers, field officer and donors to consider the need to strengthen organization capability, this vital in the implementation of effective projects, although cash based response project target vulnerable beneficiaries the for better sustainability and identification of the real problem, the organization need to involve them. the report also recommend that there is need to identify culture hindered the progress and implementation however some characters like honesty, brotherhood and clan organization can be exploiredto achieve the goals, and finally report argued that for any organization which want to achieve the goal it must ensure good security for staff and beneficiaries.