Suppressor And Protector Factors Derived From Trypanosoma Lewisi
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Trypanosoma lewisi is a specific protozoan blood parasite of rats. Normal rats infected 2 h after treatment with plasma from day 8 irradiated (8.5 Gy) infected rats had significantly higher parasitaemia; in contrast, animals infected 7 days post-plasma treatment were significantly protected. Trypanolytic and ablastic antibodies could be demonstrated in the serum of normal rats treated with the plasma; the trypanolytic antibodies were stage-specific. Suppression of normal rat splenocyte responses to Con A and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation were also observed in the presence of different protein concentrations of whole lysate from epimastigote forms. The suppression by mitogen Con A was ablated by the addition of exogenous IL 2, or by washing cells incubated with the lysate prior to mitogen stimulation. These results indicate that immunoregulatory factors are present in the plasma of rats infected with T. lewisi, and the effect of these factors can be demonstrated in vitro with whole parasite lysate. The restoration of normal splenocyte responses to Con A by addition of exogenous IL 2 or by washing cells suggests that the suppressor factor(s) act(s) on the T cells by inhibiting their proliferation and IL 2 production, and the continued presence of these products is essential in the maintenance of suppression.