Length of journey and choice of mode of travel to work - A Case study of Dar-es-salaam city.
Journey to work la the major aspect in transportation planning in Urban areas since all major transportation and traffic problems occur during peak periods. These problems namely delays congestion and accidents, affects workers' efficiency and productivity. They therefore have a negative contribution to Rational development. This study was concerned with characteristics of journey to work in the City of Dar-es-alam. Lore specifically it was concerned with the relationship between the choice of mode of travel and length of journey to work, Factors of choice of mode of travel are numerous, few of these are length of journey, income, sex, family sise, nature of job and number of people employed in the household. Some of these have been looked at together with length of journey. Various findings and problems have been identified concerning problems associated with usage of each of the following modes Walking, bicycle, motorcycle, Public bus transport, private car and office transport. Other problems have been identified concerning present lengths of journey to work, land use, urban structure, road facilities and government policy on urban development. commendations have been given to offset the problems identified. More specifically the recommendations have been given on the rationale of usage and planning for each mode, and coordination between them wherever possible.Parallel to this are recommendation concerning improvements on the present road facilities on the major roads, to facilitate usage for various modes of travel home suggestions concerning location of employment centres and residential areas are also given. Lastly the author recommends policy changes in housing allocations to workers, and on administrative set up in the office of the Regional development Director or Zonal Town Planner, Dar-es-salaam.