Survey Of Bacterial Diseases And Antibiotic Resistance In The Small Animal Clinic
Ndung'u, P. T
Buoro, I. B. J.
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184 animals with bacterial infections were seen during the period November 1985 to December 1990 at the Small Animal Clinic of the University of Nairobi. 62 had pyoderma, 44 pneumonia, 33 otitis externa, 20 cystitis/urethritis, 10 gastroenteritis, and the remaining 15 had infections affecting other organs or body systems. Of the bacterial isolates, 50.3% were Staphylococcus species, 18.9% Streptococcus, 8.6% Escherichia coli, 6.9% Proteus, 4.6% Pasteurella, 4% Corynebacterium, 4% Klebsiella, 2.3% Pseudomonas and 0.6% Salmonella. Most of the isolates were sensitive to chloramphenicol (88.4%), erythromycin (78.8%), ampicillin (72.7%), gentamicin (67.5%), penicillin (58.3%) and oxytetracycline (56.2%). The isolates were less sensitive to sulfonamides (22.1%) and streptomycin (35.3%). For Staphylococcus aureus the most effective antibiotics were chloramphenicol (75/81), erythromycin (23/26), gentamicin (15/19) and ampicillin (61/87).