Challenges facing the sustainability of adult and continuing education programmes in Kenya, a case of Nakuru North District, Nakuru county, Kenya
The study sought to investigate the challenges facing the sustainability of ACE Programmes in Kenya. The study was carried out in Nakuru North District in Nakuru County. The challenges investigated in the study included: availability of teaching personnel, availability of teachinglearning facilities, Adult learner economic background and Adult learner socio-cultural background which formed the independent variables of the study. Policy implementation by both the National and County governments was the moderating variable. The study covered an extensive literature review of the challenges facing ACE programmes in the various regions of the world, the African continent and in Kenya. Most research studies reveal a lack of enthusiasm by most Governments of the world, in their efforts to promote and enhance the sustainability of ACE programmes as evidenced in the perpetual lack of ACE policies or where they exist, execution and implementation has remained lackluster. The study adopted the use of descriptive Survey Research design and data was collected using semi- structured interviews with the Provincial and District Adult and Continuing Education officers in Nakuru County and structured Questionnaires for the learners, teachers, and administrators in the various Adult Education Centers in Nakuru North District. The respondents were chosen using the purposive and simple random sampling techniques and data collected was analyzed using Descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages and presented in the form of Tables. The study established that availability of teaching personnel, availability of teaching-learning resources, adult learner economic background and adult learner socio-cultural background significantly affected the sustainability of ACE programmes. Demographic characteristics of the respondents were found to have a huge impact on the sustainability of the ACE programmes in the District as well. Most adult learners for instance were mainly women with many centers having as few as two male adult learners. The findings generally revealed a low participation rate of the learners in the ACE programmes marked by frequent absenteeism and high drop-out rates which were attributed to the socio-cultural and economic factors as well as the unconducive teaching and learning environment and inadequate adult teachers. Following these research findings, several recommendations were made to enhance the sustainability of the ACE programmes such as construction of ACE centers for adult learners far away from Primary and Nursery schools and 'churches so as to enhance the adult learners' privacy.