Response of Cowpeas to Salinity and (2-Chloroethyl) trimethyl-ammonium Chloride (CCC)
MetadataShow full item record
Recent investigations have demonstrated that the growth retardant, (2-chloroethyl) trimethyl-ammonium chloride (CCC) inhibits several aspects of vegetative growth. In solution culture experiments, reduction in plant growth and dry matter production was confirmed in cowpeas, Vigna unguiculata L, (cv. Makueni II), when treated with CCC. The growth retardant had negligible effect on the rate of transpiration per unit leaf area although it slightly increased the relative water content of leaves. Stomatal opening was suppressed by CCC treatment but the number of stomata per unit leaf area was increased by the growth retardant. Variations in mineral element content (K, Ca, N and Na) of shoots are presented and discussed in relation to CCC treatment.