The impact of mobile schools system in pastoralist areas of Kenya: a case study of Wajir district
Education among the Arid and Semi Arid Lands has been faced with various challenges. Communities that inhabit. ASAL regions are frequently politically, socially and economically marginalized and often seen as out of step with the rest of the country. In order to overcome the problem of in access by conventional schools in ASAL areas, the mobile school was innovated. Mobile schools reach out beyond the effective catchment areas of conventional schools to people who have never enjoyed educational services before and who usually welcome them with enthusiasm. This study sought to find out factors that determine the location of the mobile schools, to evaluate how mobile school programmes have affected accessibility of education in Wajir District, to find out community views and participation in mobile schools and to establish the unique challenges and constraints faced by the mobile schools programmes in Wajir District. The data was collected through interviews, focused group discussions, observations and interview guides. The study established that Government policies, climatic conditions, community awareness, knowledgeable elders, educational standards, political influence, available resources and the influence of non governmental organizations all determine the location of mobile schools. It was also revealed that there has been enhanced growth of students recruited in mobile schools over the years. Community perception of mobile schools was deemed as positive while the communities were found to be actively engaged in mobile schools administration. Challenges faced by the schools included lack of adequate resources, lack of a specific curriculum, ignorance and lack of enough government support.