Influence of class grouping on children's performance in mathematics in pre-schools in Changamwe division, Mombasa county, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to determine how class groupings can contribute to improvement of children's performance in mathematics in public pre-schools in Changamwe division Mombasa county district. The study examined group work as both a teaching and learning activity that is used in preschools. The study considered issues pertaining to the use of group work in educational institutions and the impact group work has on learners. The study endeavored to identify the types of groups that were commonly constituted in preschool classrooms and how these groups influence d the learning of mathematics. In the literature review, the study examined related studies on the issue of types grouping, characteristics of grouping, influence of groups on performance and theories related to group learning. The study adopted the social interdependence theory. The study used questionnaires and observation as the principal data collection instruments. These were administered on a sample of four preschools that were purposively selected. The schools had a total population of 130 preschool children who constitute the observed population of the study. The study found that teachers in the study area typically group learners by ability. A survey of student performance revealed that the use of grouping had impacted positively on the learners and performance was admirable based on the assessment done after each observed lesson. Observations were done in class as per appendix III. Data collected were grouped according to the research questions. Data was analyzed using frequencies, percentages and presented in tables. Findings from the study established that the class grouping contributed to high increase in performance and achievement in mathematics. The following were the recommendations were made-I. Pre-schools to have adequate spacious facilities. 2. The government to use all its mechanism and especially in-service opportunities, workshops, inductions, and seminars to sensitize teachers and parents on the benefits of grouping. This will produce independent and self-actualized individuals who are capable of solving their life problems.