Influence of parental involvement on academic performance of pre-school children in Emgwen Division, Nandi Central District, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to find out influence of parental involvement on academic performance of pre-school children in Emgwen Division, Nandi Central District, Kenya. The study's objectives were to establish the influence of parental perceptions of involvement on academic performance of preschool children, to examine the influence of parental types of involvement on their children's academic performance, to find out the influence of parental role of involvement on the pre- school children academic performance, to determine the influence of parental initiative of involvement on preschool children academic performance and to establish the influence of parental time of involvement on academic performance of pre- school children. The study employed the use of descriptive research design whereby the data collected was not manipulated by the researcher in any way. The researcher targeted children, teachers and parents of preschool children in Emgwen Division. The study adopted both simple random sampling techniques. The sample size comprised of 17 teachers in Emgwen Division. Documentary analysis was provided by the teachers showing preschool children academic performance in the Mathematics, Kiswahili and English activity areas. Questionnaire for the teachers was used for data collection. Reliability was ensured by test and retest method and validity was tested through pilot study. The questionnaire was adjusted appropriately. The research utilised descriptive analysis and data was presented in form of tables. From the data analysed, the study noted the following findings; majority of the respondents had good initiative towards their children's performance. Preschool children from parents with good initiative performed better. A majority of the respondents sometimes communicate with their preschool children about their school progress. It was showed that children whose parents communicate with them perform better in academics than those who do not. The study concluded that only a few parents' respondents have high aspiration on their children's academic achievement. Thus the study recommends that the parents should be sensitized on the importance of preschool children education so as to understand their role and involvement in the children's academic performance. Every school should be mandated to organize general parent meetings to enable the parents to meet teachers and discuss problem affecting their children academic performance. These parents should be advised on the need to motivate their children to work harder. There should be a research on the effect of teachers' involvement and its effect on academic performance of the preschool children. Research findings is valuable to educationalists by helping them come up with better practices for incorporating parental involvement in academic affairs of preschool children. Parents, teachers and all scholars interested in education and factors affecting performance of preschool children get to understand the influence of parental involvement on academic performance of preschool children.