Determinants of adoption of Information and Communication Technology in the learning process among college students; a case of Kibabii Diploma Teachers' Training College
Educational attainment is recognized as one of the fundamental indicators of development of a nation. The present world cannot think development of a country without Technical Education and Training. Yet, there is lack of information on the adoption of information and communication technology (lCT) in the tertiary institutions in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to determine the adoption of lCT in the learning process among college students by carrying out a case study of Kibabii Diploma Teachers Training College in Bungoma County. Specifically the study was to ; investigate how students demographic characteristics influence the adoption of lCT in the learning process, examine the extent to which the institutional environment influence the adoption of lCT in the learning process by students of Kibabii Diploma Teachers Training college, determine how the type of curriculum offered to students influences adoption of ICT in learning process and finally, assess the extent to which the student's background influences adoption of ICT in learning process. The study was guided by the theory of domestication, which looks beyond the adoption and use of lCTs to ask what the technologies and services mean to people, how they experience them and the roles that these technologies can come to play in their lives. The study was conducted through ex-post-facto design. Stratified sampling techniques were used to collect the data from a sample of 236 students of Kibabii Diploma Teachers Training College, nine(9) heads of departments and the college principal. Data was collected using questionnaires administered randomly to the respondents, and through interview schedules with H.O.Os and the principal. It was pre-tested and coded in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 17.5) and analyzed by frequency distribution tables, cross tabulation tables, descriptive statistics and, chi-square test. The study revealed that 64% of students who use ICT are male students, yet they do not extend the same to the learning process and the institution is poorly equipped in terms of lCT infrastructure. Another finding was that 62% of the teachers in the college do not use lCT in their lesson delivery. The study concluded that ICT has not been adopted in the learning process at Kibabii Teachers' Training College and the environment at the college has not been made conducive for ICT adoption in the learning process. From the afore said, this study recommends that the Government and policy makers should come up with strategies to sensitize people on the importance of embracing lCT, and the Ministry of Education should ensure implementation of the lCT policy by devising better monitoring and evaluation of ICT programs in schools and colleges and addressing emerging gaps. Emerging from this study it is suggested that more research be carried out among tertiary institutions to ascertain the findings of this study and research should also be carried out on science based institutions of this caliber to ascertain their levels of adoption of lCT in the learning process.