Determinants of job satisfaction among primary school teachers in Kee Division, Makueni District Kenya
The purpose of this study was to examine determinants of job satisfaction among public primary school teachers. The objectives were to; establish if teachers characteristics such as age, gender, professional level, experience and grade promotions influences job satisfaction in primary schools in Kee division, determine work related factors affecting teacher's job satisfaction in public schools in Kee division, determine if training in emerging issues in education influences job satisfaction of teachers, assess the extent to which existing compensation structures influence teachers' job satisfaction in primary schools in Kee division, identify intervention measures primary school teachers prefer to be initiated to alleviate job satisfaction. The study used survey research design. The target population was 204 teachers in 23 primary schools. The sample consisted of 132 teachers and 19 head teachers. was used. Participants were selected by stratified random sampling. Data was gathered through responses from two instruments:- a questionnaire for teachers and interview schedule for head teachers, validity was achieved by pretesting the instruments with 13 teachers and 2 head teachers who made suggestions for improvement. The instrument was found to be reliable after being administered to the selected teachers. A research permit was obtained from NCST and clearance sought from the DC's and DEO'S offices to collect data. Data was analyzed by frequency tables and percentages. SPSS was used in data analysis. The study found out that 100% of teachers below 25 years were dissatisfied by the teaching profession with 60% of teachers above 50 years being satisfied with the teaching job, 47% of the female teachers were satisfied withthe teaching profession compared to 18% of their male counter parts. 62% of the PI teachers were dissatisfied with the teaching job while 98% of the graduate teachers were dissatisfied with being primary school teachers, 67% of the teachers with less than 5 years working experience were not satisfied with the teaching job while 58% of those above 20 years were not satisfied with the job. 68% of those with no promotion were dissatisfied with the teaching job compared to 56% of those who had 3 promotions being not satisfied. Study concluded that job satisfaction is affected by age, gender, professional level, and number of grade promotions- and the years of experience.Work related factors which involved teachers' workload, teacher per class policy and teaching all subject in the curriculum were found to dissatisfy teachers. From the fmdings 71 % of the teachers were dissatisfied by teaching all subjects in the curriculum, 69% -90% of the teachers cited increase in pay as the major intervention measure to increase job satisfaction; on the other hand 100% of the head teachers cited increase in responsibility allowance as the main measure to job satisfaction. Training in emerging issues was found to affect teachers' satisfaction. 77% of the teachers had undergone training in HIV/AIDS making them satisfied with handling it. 81 % of the teachers had no training in ICT and e- learning making 67t them dissatisfied in handling it. The study found out that over 90% of the teachers were dissatisfied with all the aspects of compensation Among the intervention measures cited by teachers to increase job satisfaction were; 90% proposed increase in pay; 43% frequent promotions; 37% employing more teachers; 32% equipping stations.100% of the head teachers proposed increase in responsibility allowance, 94% reducing workload, 69% their own scheme of service and 63 % automatic promotions. The study proposed review of the policy of teachers having to teach all subjects in the curriculum, proper training of teachers in issues before being introduced in the curriculum, constant review of pay and also recommended that measures should be put in place to retain teachers with higher qualification in the primary sector. The study suggested further studies to investigate teachers satisfaction in dealing with ICT and e-learning, graduate teachers satisfaction in teaching primary schools and the extend to which parents affect teachers' job satisfaction.