Factors influencing turnover among teachers employed by the Teachers Service Commission in Changamwe District, Mombasa county, Kenya
Orek, Ruth PA
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Despite the efforts made by the government, Non Governmental Organizations and the local communities to provide resources and support quality child education through the Free Primary Education in Kenyan schools, an exodus of teachers from the classroom is still experienced in many schools in Changamwe District. The government of Kenya has made drastic efforts to hire teachers on contract and also employ them on permanent and pensionable terms. However, there is still an evidence of teacher turnover from the public schools. Changamwe District has total of 510 teachers of whom 118 are male and 392 are female. There are 20 public primary schools, 4 registered secondary schools and 2 unregistered secondary schools. This research basically looked at the TSC teachers in Changamwe District, Mombasa County. Between 2008 and 2011 records at the human resource department in the MEOs office reveal that at least 15 qualified teachers left the classroom for greener pastures. This research study sought to determine the extent to which motivation in schools, wage levels among TSC teachers, working conditions in the school, morale and levels within the work place and job opportunities in the labour market influence teacher turnover in Changamwe District. The research was conducted through the collection of primary data from the field. It sought to establish factors influencing teacher turnover among the teachers employed by the Teachers Service Commission in Changamwe District, Mombasa County Kenya. A sample survey was employed to random samples after identification of the target population. The target population in this research was 540 teachers including 30 education officers in Changamwe District. The research was carried out in 7 public schools selected randomly from the two Divisions namely Chaani and Jomvu. Data analysis and interpretations was done both descriptively and numerically. The period taken in this research was eight months from preparation of proposal, defense of the proposal, data collection, analysis and presentation, collections and submission. Data was presented in tables in frequency and percentage from. The results revealed that in only 7 out of the 26 public schools 35% of the total number of 153 teachers had left teaching within three years. The research hypothesis analysis was done manually following the objectives of the research study. The findings of the hypothesis revealed that motivations in schools has a very weak positive influence on teacher turnover; wage levels, working conditions and levels within the work place have a negative influence on teacher turnover and job opportunities in the labour market have no influence on teacher turnover. The most common cause of turnover among the teachers employed by the TSC in Changamwe District, Mombasa County, Kenya is low salaries and allowances. From the research findings the TSC is advised to motivate teachers with good salary and allowances in order to retain them in the classroom. They should also promote teachers and upgrade those who deserve automatically without delay. They are also advised to sponsor teachers' professional training to improve their skills. The Government and NGOs are also advised to come down and get the issues directly from the ground in order to address the issue of teacher turnover.