Effectiveness of teaching methods in English language on acquisition of English language skills in public secondary schools in Nairobi County, Kenya
The study sought to establish the effectiveness of the various teaching methods on the acquisition of the English language skills. The study was carried out in public secondary schools in Nairobi County. The objectives sought to find out the various teaching methods used in English language, the effectiveness of the lecture methods on acquisition of English language skills; the role of role playas a teaching method in promoting acquisition of English language skills and the effectiveness of questions and answer methods on acquisitions of English language skills. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The questions sought to identify the various method used in English language in Nairobi County, and their effectiveness. The data was collected using three instruments. The student's questionnaire sought to find out whether the like or dislike English, the methods that are mostly used by their teachers during the English lessons and the skills acquired using those methods. The teacher's questionnaire sought to find out the methods that they used mostly the reasons that they used them and the skills that are acquires when the methods are used. The observation schedule sought to get the real classroom experience in terms of the teaching methods used during the English lessons, the skills acquired and the supplementary materials used by the teachers during the English lesson. After an analysis of how the method promotes the acquisition of the English language skills, it was established that each of the methods enhances acquisition of the English language skills. The four skills in English namely: writing, listening, reading and speaking form the core of the English language. The effectiveness of the each method in promoting the acquisition of one or all of the skills was evaluated. It was evident that each of the method imparted on students some skill. Lecture method was found effective in promoting listening and writing skills. Role play highly imparted on students speaking skills, while questions and answer instilled on students a mix of listening and speaking skills. It was evident that writing and speaking skills were effectively acquired during the questions and answer method. The study established that integration of all methods is effective on acquisition of the various language skills. Each of the methods complements the other in the acquisition of the various skills. The various methods used during the English lessons are highly effective in promoting acquisition of English language skills. The methods encourage group participation in class and thus enhance active participation of the students. Based on the research findings the researcher made the following recommendations were made; that the methods used in teaching English be more reinforced to promote the four skills of the English language, that the Ministry of Education provides more supplementary materials in teaching of the English language. That the training of teachers incorporates other teaching techniques such the use of projectors and computers be used to boost on the other teaching methods, that schools train students and teacher with the online pronunciations of English to boost their speaking and writing skills and that the KNEC incorporates all the four skills of English in examinations from primary to university levels. The researcher suggested that in view of delimitation of the study further research in a wider and different area preferably the rural areas. That further research be conducted to investigate other factors that contribute to acquisition of English language skills.