The Prevalence Of Gastrointestinal Nemetode Infection And Their Impact On Cattle In Nakuru And Mukurweini Districts Of Kenya
Leeuwen, JA Van
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A cross-sectional study was conducted in Nakuru and Mukurweini districts of Kenya to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) and the financial impact of such infections among smallholder dairy farms. Parasitological examination involving feacal egg count and larval culture was employed to determine prevalence and burden of GIN. Questionnaires were administered to collect individual animal and farm management data. The impact of GIN infection on average daily milk production in lactating cows was also estimated using generalized linear regression analysis The prevalence of GIN infection was significantly different (p< 0.05) between Nakuru and Mukurweini, at 19.8% and 8.3%, respectively (13.8% overall), for a relative risk of infection of 2.3. Farm-level prevalence of infections were estimated at 28.1% (36/128) for Haemonchus, 19.5% (25/128) for Trichostrongylus and 14.8% (19/128) for Oesophagostomum. Average daily milk production in litres in the GIN-infected milking cows was 5.4 compared to 7.8 in the noninfected cows. GIN infection was associated with 1.4 litres per cow per day less milk and this difference was statistically significant (p< 0.05). The observed difference in milk production translated to a daily loss of 0.35 US dollars (USD) per cow per day at a cost of 0.25 USD per litre, which was the average farm gate price of milk at study time in the area under study.